Resorts of the Canary Islands are now in great demand, primarily due to the ideal climate. Canaries are located in the heart of the tropics and in the trade wind zone. All this makes the weather warm (rather than hot) and very dry. A great distinguishing feature of this zone is the annual temperature difference of not more than 4-5 degrees. Winter is very warm – at least 17 degrees, in the summer – about 21-22 degrees. The temperature of the Atlantic Ocean rarely drops below 20 degrees. Such constancy of weather was ensured by the following factors: the effect of the ocean trade winds and proximity to Africa. If it were not for the cold Canary current, the water would not have been enriched with oxygen, and therefore would not have been so warm. Many factors depend on the location of the island, as well as its topography.
Such a climate, constantly warm, as well as fertile soils with a lot of ash, complete isolation from the continents, and a diverse landscape made it possible to develop unique nature in the Canaries. About 25% of all wildlife are unique, that is, endemic species that are not found anywhere else. The inhabitants of the seas are striking in their diversity and diversity.
Ancient people knew exactly where to settle, so the islands were developed back in 3000 BC. The indigenous population of the Canaries has long been destroyed by the Spaniards. But they were bright people with blue eyes. They had their own writing, based on hieroglyphs, a complex and unique mythology. Their language is so complicated that it is still not completely unraveled. In modern times, only a special language from the whistle sounds of “silbo” recalls them. With its help, information is transmitted over a huge distance – up to 15 kilometers. They mastered the methods of mummification, tamed animals, processed marble and stone. Dogs brought by the Spaniards to Europe from there gave rise to many modern breeds.
But at the same time, social life developed poorly. They lived in a primitive system with an elder, used stone tools, did not even have basic knowledge about shipbuilding and navigation, knew how to build only small boats for fishermen, unlike, for example, the Phoenicians, who were known as the best ancient sailors.
In the XV century, the rapid colonization of the islands by Spain began. In subsequent centuries, the islands tried unsuccessfully to take control of the Dutch, British, ordinary pirates. Now the Canary Islands are part of Spain, becoming in 1982 its autonomous region. In 1986, the Canaries entered on special conditions in the European Union.